Understanding the Role of Employee Motivation and Human Resource Retention in Tanzanian Local Government Authorities



Employee turnover is always bad and realities of how employee turnover affects organisations involve higher costsThe human resource crisis in Tanzania local government has continued to increase than before in numerous cadres such as secondary education and health sub-sectors such that there are regular resignations occurring. The experience of Tanzania lying on Human Resource crisis for Health (HRH) shortage is at 67% respectively. Mal-motivation compounds for this shortage.

Still employee motivation towards human resources management is often under-estimated and least understood among employer’s roles within their workplaces. This paper aimed at investigating the role employees’ motivation play in promoting Human Resource retention in Tanzanian local government authorities. The study was survey research designed involving qualitative and quantitative research approaches using eighty seven subjects comprising employees and employers from Kasulu, Buhingwe and Kigoma District headquarters in Tanzania. Data were collected using questionnaires, interviews and documentary review. Statistical package for social science 16.0 version (SPSS) was used in data analysis for all closed questionnaires along with content analysis for qualitative texts. The major research findings revealed the nature of motivations is complex and that there are no simple answers to the questions on factors that do motivate employees. As a consequence, the findings indicated mixed results such that each employee had a unique motivator. Therefore, the study recommends that managers and employers should provide varieties of motivation in order to retain them and achieve the required results.

John Jovin1, Augustine Y. Hangi 2, Michael, J. Mwacha3 and Andrew, M. Kundy 4