The Impact of the Negative Transfer in Syntax Learning and Its Coping Strategies: A Research Based on the Writing of High School Students

Abstract: Negative transfer, as a universal phenomenon in Second Language, has a negative effect on learning target language. How to decrease errors due to negative L1 transfer is taken seriously by linguists. Considering high school students as objects, the author collects 105 compositions (3 being useless, due to copying contents of reading comprehensions) of senior high school grade 1 from a school in Sichuan Province, and find out common syntactic errors in writing by analyzing statistics concretely. The research indicates that having a good understanding on Negative Transfer Theory can not only help student’s correct syntactic errors, but enhance their writing skills. Thus, the author provides quite a few effective strategies to help overcome negative language transfer.