Under the background of global economy, the competition among enterprises is becoming more and more fierce, and the competition among enterprises begins to change to "soft power" competition. In this context, employees will become the core competitiveness. Excellent performance of employees can improve the competitiveness of enterprises and promote the development of enterprises. Employees' exchange relationship within the organization is one of the most important concepts in the workplace, which has an important impact on the performance and atmosphere of the organization. Leader-member exchange has a direct impact on the allocation of resources in an organization. Previous studies have shown that sense of loss of resources will lead to Counterproductive Work Behavior of employees. Counterproductive Work Behavior, as an immoral behavior, is closely related to the moral level of individuals. From the perspective of resource depletion and moral Identity, this study explores the influence mechanism of Leader-member exchange relationship on Counterproductive Work Behavior of employees. It is not only the first time to explore the relationship between resources and Counteproductive Work Behavior, but also provides a new way for enterprises to improve employee performance. The study conducted a questionnaire survey on the spot and processed data with SPSS21.0. This paper provides a new way to study the impact of Organizational Resources on employee behavior and fills this gap. At the same time, it provides a new channel for enterprises to intervene employees’ Counterproductive Work Behavior, improve employees' performance and improve the operational efficiency of enterprises.