Ricento’s article (2000) “Historical and Theoretical Perspectives in Language Policy and Planning” was reviewed. It divides the historical process of Language Policy and Planning into three different stages based on three influential factors of language policy and planning including the macro sociopolitical, the epistemological and the strategic. This paper tries to identify the two elements of epistemology and the language ideology in language policy and planning by examining the works cited in Ricento’s article, and further provide the case study of China’s Belt and Road Initiative for explanation. Those two elements should be considered in the modern language policy and planning.
Keywords: Language policy and planning, epistemology, ideology, Belt and Road Initiative