This research is concerned with the perspectives on elder bias and abandonment in Nigeria. It noted that elderly care is an important traditional culture of the people. It further analyzed the causes of the decline in elderly care in Nigeria which were attributed to the erosion of the Nigerian culture by foreign cultures, modernization and urbanization as well as economic and social problems. The perspectives of the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba on the care-giving role of the elderly was ascertained through interviews and discussion with the people, who agreed that elderly care has reduced in the last few years although it is still part of the culture which cannot be relegated to the background. The need to restore the culture of care giving was emphasized especially due to the adverse effects and consequences of elderly neglect which includes sickness, destitution and even death. Finally, some recommendations were made which included the call for traditional chiefs to uphold and emphasize elderly care among their subjects, training of gerontological nurses and counsellors by the government, integrating gerontological study in the school curriculum, funding existing elderly care homes with the collaboration of private agencies amongst others.