The Pattern of Development for Language Learning Programme (An Empirical Study)


In the language learning process, problems that often appear are a few things related to the uniqueness and complexity of the problem not only lies in their own language, but also in the learning  process.  Language  has  a  wide  range  of  dimensions  relating  to  the  linguistic dimension, culture, social, personal, and other characteristics. On the other hand, study has wide range of dimensions, both in relation to teachers, students, facilities, media, purpose, or relating to the dimensions of the process, starting from planning, implementation, until the evaluation. To expand the study, this article tries to formulate the pattern of development for language learning program with the aim of emphasizing on methodological aspects as well as on other aspects related to the content of language.


Keywords: uniqueness of language; dimension of linguistic: the dimension of learning process


A. Introduction

       In the learning process, learning outcome is a must achieved goal.   Learning outcome is often problematic because it is not in accord with the aims or the set of standard. There are various factors that affect learning outcomes, such as environment, materials, processes, facilities or means of learning. The main issue that always related with learning outcomes is the learning process.   There is an assumption that quality learning outcomes can only be achieved through the quality learning process. This is true because if the process of learning is not optimal; therefore it is difficult to expect a good and quality learning outcome.  Therefore, the subject matter of the quality of learning outcomes lies so much in the process of learning.


        The learning process is closely related to learning objectives. In the learning process, the aims of learning are the centre of each learning objectives. According to Sukmadinata (2004: 176), in order for effective learning process attain the objectives, it is must be supported

by the approach and models aspects or appropriate learning methods, characteristics of subjects, students' and teachers’ abilities. This is very important, because these aspects will provide a significant convenience for the creation of effective teaching-learning process.


          In language learning, these components will be able to improve and enhance the quality of the learner's learning outcomes. Adequate characteristics of a language, demands  the capacity and ability for its users (stakeholders), both for the sake of the environment itself. For example language education in schools, it caters not only for the benefits inside the education but also to cater the interests outside of education such as in companies or other related places.


           The demands of learning outcomes are very reasonable, not only because of the demands of the National Education System with regards to standards of quality, but also the demands of the job market that provide competitive opportunities for language graduates. In addition, in terms of current development of education, the demands of language skills are important in order to access a variety of useful information.


           These conditions allow the experts to plan and to formulate a curriculum design   that can accommodate the needs of learners. Good language curriculum should be able to increase the motivation of learners by taking into account the content and the suitable learning materials that is in accord with the demands and needs of the field. Content or learning materials need to be looked in a way, so that learning can effectively be applied in various fields of activities, either verbal or written.


            Looking at the growth of qualifications, particularly within the setting of educational, therefore the whole field of study (without exception) are required to  conform to the standards of education quality in their respective fields, including the areas of language study, both the mother tongue   (Indonesian language) as well as foreign language (German, Arabic, Japanese, French, etc.). To achieve the standard quality,     various devices are required, especially with regard to the learning process.


            The learning process is implemented using the principles of learning development that includes the selection of materials, strategies, media, evaluation, and learning resources. The achievement of learners can be seen in its ability to accomplish the tasks in accordance with the standards of competence and specific procedures.


         In the context of language learning, principles of learning    is embraced through the mastering of the language skills which include listening, speaking, reading and writing. The issue here is how to develop a language learning program so that the language skills can be mastered?

Dr. H. Azis Mahfuddin